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Polarized hot neutron diffractometer
Also non-standard setups e.g. for high field polarization analysis, resonant fission experiments in heavy nuclei, irradiation or other applications are possible on request.
The SNP method allows to precisely determine the change in the direction and value of the neutron polarization during the scattering process in the sample by measuring the nine components of the so called polarization matrix for an individual Bragg reflection. The observed change in the neutron polarization gives access to the 16 independent correlation functions involved in the most general nuclear and magnetic scattering processes and thus, allows to determine the direction of the magnetic interaction vector of even complex magnetic structures. For those structures with nuclear and magnetic reflections coinciding in the reciprocal space, the amplitude of the magnetic interaction vectors, and hence the magnetization distribution, can additionally be determined from SNP. Moreover, the technique can be employed to study magnetic domain distributions. For SNP, polarised 3He spin filters are used as polarizser and analyser, as they offer the best performance for hot neutrons. By tuning the pressure of 3He in the filter cell, they can be optimised for the used wavelength or the experimental needs. An automatic correction for the time-dependent neutron polarization is applied. An upgrade from the 3He MEOP to an in-situ polarizing SEOP system is currently ongoing.
The PND method is another powerful tool for the investigation of magnetic structures. With the sample situated in strong magnetic fields and a polarised incoming neutron beam, two scattering cross-sections are measured for each Bragg reflection for the two polarization directions parallel and antiparallel to the magnetic field, and the asymmetry between them is built. Compared to the non-polarised neutron diffraction, this asymmetry gives additional access to contributions from the magnetic chirality and the interference between the nuclear and magnetic scattering. This interference term is especially powerful as it depends linearly, and not quadratic, on the magnetic structure factor which increases the precision in the determination of small ordered magnetic moments by at least one order of magnitude and provides unique access to phase information. Dependent on the experimental needs, a 3He spin filter cell or a dedicated supermirror bender is used as polariser. An upgrade from the out-of-plane lifting counter detector to a 2D PSD detector is currently ongoing.
|Å||n cm-2 s-1||Å||n cm-2 s-1|
|Cu (220)||0.55||5,5 · 106||0.9||1.4 · 107|
|Si (311)||0.7||7 · 106||1.15||1.8 · 107|
|Non-polarized||PND (8T Magnet)||SNP (Cryopad)|
|-20° < 2θ < 130°||-20° < 2θ < 130°||-15° < 2θ < 120°|
|-180° < ω < 180°||-180° < ω < 180°||-180° < ω < 180°|
|-5° < ξ1 < 5°||-4° <ξ1 = 0°||-4° < ξ1 < 4°|
|-5° < ξ2 < 5°||-4° < ξ2 = 0°||-4° < ξ2 < 4°|
|-4.2° < v < 30°||-4.2° < v < 25°||v = 0°|
Dr. Jianhui Xu
Phone: +49 (0)89 158860-825
Phone: +49 (0)89 158860-518
Find the latest publications regarding POLI in our publication database iMPULSE:
Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum. (2015). POLI: Polarised hot neutron diffractometer. Journal of large-scale research facilities, 1, A16. http://dx.doi.org/10.17815/jlsrf-1-22
For citation please always include the DOI.