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Technische Universität München> Technische Universität MünchenHelmholtz-Zentrum Hereon> Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon
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SINDA - Science driven improvement of nuclear data

Description

For more information, visit pmf.uns.ac.rs

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2023

Funding organisation

  • German Academic Exchange Service
SECop@HMC - A standardized interface for sample environment metadata and control - SECoP integration into experiment control systems:

Description

This project will develop metadata standards for typical SE devices in large-scale facilities (photons, neutrons, high magnetic fields). A second focus is the mapping of SECoP metadata standards to a uniform SE vocabulary for standardized metadata storage.

-Standardize the provision of metadata for SE equipment;
-Ease the integration of new and user-built SE equipment into experiments
-Providing sufficient SE metadata for reuse and interoperability of the data;
-Establish SECoP as a common standard for SE communication by integrating the protocol into

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.01.2022 - 01.02.2024

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
TUBE - XRD Invest
DAPHNE4NFDI - DAta from PHoton and Neutron Experiments for NFDI

Description

The photon and neutron science community encompasses users from a broad range of scientific disciplines facing a common need for high- level, rapid data analysis and the challenge of implementing research data management. The communities of science users are represented by the KFS and KFN committees, which have worked together for many years and are coming together here to meet common challenges imposed by the digital transformation of experiments. The DAPHNE consortium serves the broad community of users employing a wide range of photon and neutron techniques, comprising more than 5000 scientists throughout Germany. The community performs thousands of individual user experiments at central facilities every year, across many disciplines and using a range of techniques and a diverse instrumentation. Individual experiments can produce millions of files and in some cases over 1 PB data per week, depending on the experimental configuration. Moreover, the community is currently witnessing a fundamental change in both the amount of data recorded and the corresponding data rates triggered by the increase in the brightness of the sources themselves (x-ray free-electron lasers, high-brightness storage rings and new neutron facilities) and by the rapid increase in the size and speed of modern detectors. DAPHNE brings together users representing key scientific application domains with the large-scale research facilities in photon and neutron science in order to advance the state of data management in the community. Uniquely, DAPHNE engages directly with the user community to develop user-driven data solutions to advance science experiments. Broadly, we will provide the following tangible infrastructure through DAPHNE for the wider photon and neutron community: 1. Improve metadata capture through consistent workflows supported by user-driven online logbooks linked to the data collection, thus enabling a richer capture of information about the experiments than is currently possible; 2. Establish a community repository of processed data, new reference data bases and analysis code for published results, linked where possible to raw data sources, to sustainably improve access to research data and enable data and software re-use within the community; and 3. Develop, curate and deploy user-developed analysis software on facility computing infrastructure so that ordinary users can benefit from and repeat the analysis performed by leading power user groups through common data analysis portals. Furthermore, it will have strong positive side- effects for international facilities with German participation, such as the ESRF (Grenoble, France) and the ESS (Lund, Sweden).

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) – Project number 460248799

For details, please visit
ndfi.de
gepris.dfg.de
sni-portal.de

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.10.2021 - 30.09.2026

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Surface Modification of Lithium Battery Anodes with Multi-Functional Block Copolymers

Description

Lithium metal anode is regarded as one of the most promising next generation anode materials due to its exceptional capacity and lowest electrochemical potential. Nevertheless, formation and excessive growth of lithium dendrites cause series of adverse consequences. It can penetrate the separator to cause serious safety risks and induce formation of dead lithium to harm the coulombic efficiency. Drastic volume changes tend to destroy the solid electrolyte interface layer to deteriorate cyclic stability. These drawbacks seriously hinder practical applications of the lithium metal battery. It is proposed to use multi-functional PDMS based block copolymers and their organic/inorganic nanohybrids to modify the surface of the lithium metal anodes. The PDMS based block copolymers are featured with multiple advantages such as good elastomeric property, excellent lithium affinity, outstanding chemical inertness, capable of structure modification, and good solution processing capability. They can also form nanoscale structures on the lithium metal surface via a microphase separation process. The structure and property of the lithium metal interface is modified, where the formation and growth of lithium dendrites are suppressed, and structure stability of the solid electrolyte interface layer is enhanced. With this strategy, the electrochemical performance of the lithium metal anode is effectively improved. Through this joint project, the surface modification and device performance studies are combined with advanced ex situ and in situ scattering techniques (x-ray and neutron). The methods to perform reliable surface modification of the lithium metal anodes with the multi-functional block copolymers will be established. A good control over the structure and property of the surface modified lithium metal anode interface will be achieved. The structure-performance correlation of the surface modified lithium metal anode will be unveiled, and the mechanism will be understood. The implementation of the proposal will build solid scientific ground for practical application of the lithium metal batteries.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 448754737.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.09.2021 - 31.08.2024

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
GNeuS - Global Neutron Scientists

Description

The COFUND scheme aims to stimulate regional, national or international programmes to foster excellence in researchers’ training, mobility and career development, spreading the best practices of the Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions.
This will be achieved by co-funding new or existing regional, national, and international programmes to open up to, and provide for, international, intersectoral and interdisciplinary research training, as well as transnational and cross-sectoral mobility of researchers at all stages of their career.

For more information, please visit:
europa.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.09.2021 - 30.09.2026

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No H2020-MSCA-COFUND-2020 GA-ID: 101034266 .

Positron injection and trapping for positron-electron pair plasma creation

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.08.2021 - 31.07.2024

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
CAESAR - Development of high-energy lithium-ion battery cells for mobile applications

Description

Joint project: CAESAR – Development of high-energy lithium-ion battery cells for mobile applications by combining highly innovative nickel-rich cathode materials and silicon-dominant anodes; subproject: Development of innovative electrode materials and elaboration of scaling strategy.

For more information, visit enargus.de

This joint project is funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action under the project number 03EI3046F.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2021 - 30.06.2024

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Action
In-Situ Defect Spectroscopy of Al Welds During Mechanical Load Using a Scanning Positron Microbeam

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.06.2021 - 31.05.2024

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Real-time monitoring of low temperature nucleation and growth processes during high power impulse magnetron sputtering

Description

During the last years, high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS) got increasing attention not only in research but also in industry. In HiPIMS, the target is supplied with short extremely intense pulses while the average power is comparable to conventional magnetron sputtering (MS) in order to preserve the integrity of the target. Such conditions make it possible to ionize the sputtered metal vapor and to achieve ionized fractions above 70 %, i.e. about two orders of magnitude higher than in standard MS. The acceleration of the ions in the plasma potential or an external bias voltage, inter alia, permits deposition of films with higher hardness, density, refractive index, and conductivity as well as better adhesion. Moreover, the high energy per particle and the local heat release during recombination of ions and electrons on the substrate allow for deposition of crystalline phases, including metastable ones, at temperatures much lower than those defined by thermal equilibrium or obtained by conventional MS. At the same time, the average energy arriving at the substrate is lower than in normal MS, which markedly reduces substrate heating. Thus, HiPIMS is very interesting for deposition of high-quality films on polymers and other heat-sensitive substrates, which do not allow heat treatment during or after deposition. Despite the rapidly growing interest, little is known about the low temperature nucleation and growth processes during HiPIMS, and no in-situ investigations are available. In the present joint proposal, we aim at understanding film formation during HiPIMS on heat-sensitive substrates at low temperatures including nucleation, growth, crystallization, and grain structure evolution. Our approach is based on real-time monitoring with synchrotron-based grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) with high temporal and spatial resolution. We already demonstrated a time-resolution on the sub-ms scale, which is the scale of single pulses in HiPIMS. Simultaneous wide angel scattering (GIWAXS) will permit in-situ measurement of phase formation and transformation processes. The real-time measurements will be complemented by structural investigations with high-resolution electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, optical spectroscopy, and characterization of the functional thin film properties. Because of fundamental as well as technological interest, we will study the deposition of Au and Ag as metallic systems and of TiO2 and MoO3 as oxides. Prior to the investigation of the more complex film formation processes on selected polymers, we will use Si as a reference substrate. For comparison, we plan to perform conventional MS. The material combinations are select concerning target applications in organic photovoltaics and photocatalysis and related devices will be investigated with respect to the performance of the sputtered layers.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 459798762.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.04.2021 - 31.03.2024

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Neutron residual stress analysis for multiphase materials with depth gradients of the strain free / independent lattice parameter d0

Description

Subject of the proposal is the development of a measuring and evaluation strategy for non-destructive analysis of near surface residual stress gradients and gradients in the distribution of the strain free lattice parameter d0 by means of neutron diffraction. This is especially important for the analysis of case hardened or nitrided steels. The investigation is based on the methodical approach established within the scope of successfully completed projects on non-destructive analysis of residual stress depth distributions. This procedure is based on scanning the surface through the nominal gauge volume defined by the primary and secondary slits. In the course of the application to laser hardened samples reasonable doubts arose regarding the established procedure for the determination of the strain free lattice parameter d0. In the current research project fundamental investigations on the effect of phase specific micro residual stresses on the reference value d0 will be carried out with special focus on additional chemical gradients. For this purpose defined residual and applied stress states will be applied to multiphase materials with variations in the phase contents by means of different fine grained duplex steels. Furthermore, the transfer of the findings to material states where an additional chemical gradient in the near surface region occur will be realized. Here the model material is case hardened steel with variations in the carbon content in the outer layers and in hardening depth (CHD). The experimental results serve as input to simulation models of the neutron experiment. In this respect the immediate integration of the Czech colleague Dr. Jan Saroun is intended, who is a well-established expert in the field of numerical simulation of neutron diffraction experiments. Objective of this cooperation is the reliable modeling and simulation of the surface effects that occur during immersing of the measuring gauge volume in the sample surface of coarse multiphase materials and in presence of chemical gradients in the near surface layers, to enable an effective correction of the experimental data. Dr. Saroun will concurrently upload a corresponding proposal for financial support of the common research project through the Czech research foundation (GACR). First a basic understanding on the effects of local phase specific micro residual stresses on determination of the strain independent lattice parameter and providing an approach for the reliable modelling of the surface effects for coarse multiphase materials and for materials states with chemical gradients in the near surface region will be established. This will then in turn be developed further to a measuring and evaluation strategy for non-destructive analysis of near surface residual stress gradients for problematic material states.

For further information, visit gepris.dfg.de

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) – Project number 282874578.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2022

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
NFFA - Nanoscience Foundries and Fine Analysis - Europe|PILOT

Description

For all details on this project, visit nffa.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2026

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No H2020-INFRAIA-2018-2020 .

Molecular brushes with amphiphilic thermoresponsive side chains – from synthesis over solutions to self-assembled gels

Description

The research project addresses the behavior of dense graft-copolymers (molecular brushes, MB) in solution and gel state. The MB side chains are diblock or random copolymers of thermoresponsive and permanently hydrophilic segments. Varying the molecular parameters, such as the backbone length, the lengths and sequence of the segments in the side chains results in rich phase and self-assembly behavior. As a system, we chose poly(2-oxazoline)s because the water solubility of the segments can be minutely fine-tuned by the choice of the 2-substitution. The backbone of the MB will consist of poly(2-isopropenyl-2-oxazoline) and the side chains from (water-soluble) poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline) and (thermoresponsive) poly(2-iso/n-propyl-2-oxazoline) segments. Starting from POx MBs with short to long backbones, the shape of the MBs will be varied from spherical to elongated. The phase behavior of the MBs will be tuned by the systematic addition of thermoresponsive segments and the amphiphilic motif (distal and core blocks or random). Therefor, the established synthesis has to be further developed, using living-anionic and controlled radical polymerization techniques. Additionally, we will develop more complex polymer architectures (star-like MBs and dumb-bells) with the aim of complex gel formation and programmed self-assembly behavior by hydrophilic and hydrophobic voxels of the single-molecule nanoobjects. The temperature-dependent behavior of the MBs will be studied in dilute and concentrated aqueous solutions in dependence on the molecular architecture. The focus is on the influence of the collapse of the thermoresponsive blocks on the size and shape, the inner structure, the self-assembly, gel formation and switching behavior and the collective dynamics. At this, the methods fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering and small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering. These experimental investigations will be accompanied by computer simulations by the Russian partner, who focuses on the self-assembly of the MBs in selective solvents, the formation of uni- to multimolecular clusters/micelles and the swelling/collapse behavior of self-assembled physical hydrogels. Simulation methods include the development of atomistic models of synthesized copolymers and their mesoscopic coarse-grained analogues, which will be studied via either dissipative particle dynamics or molecular dynamics. The unique combination of advanced polymer synthesis, experimental structural investigations and computer simulations will give comprehensive insight into the behavior of thermoresponsive molecular brushes with complex architecture.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 429657854.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

04.02.2021 - 03.02.2024

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
AINX - Al for neutron and X-ray scattering

Description

For more information, visit helmholtz.ai

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2023

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
EU Qualify - European Qualification Approach for Low Enriched Fuel Systems for secure production supply of medical isotopes

Description

This project will contribute to ensuring the availability of HPPR’s, and thus enhance the security of the EU’s capacity in the production of medical radioisotopes. It will thus contribute to health care through provision of innovative medical radioisotopes necessary for diagnostic and therapy and will support European industry by maintaining access to research reactor irradiation capabilities.

For further information, please visit cordis.europa.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.10.2020 - 30.09.2024

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No H2020-Euratom-1 - 945009 .

FLEXX and E9 -formerly located in Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin - moving to Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) in Garching

Description

Die Instrumente FLEXX und E9 sollen beim Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin abgebaut und zum MLZ transportiert werden. Hier sollen sie angepasst an die hiesigen Vorgaben und ertüchtigt aufgebaut und in Betrieb genommen werden.

Dieses Projekt wird gefördert durch das Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung – Förderkennzeichen 05E20WO1.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

15.09.2020 - 14.09.2024

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
SimKom - Simulation and experimental validation of residual stresses in laser-generated composite materials

Description

The aim is to find ways for optimizing the stress distribution by numerical investigations. For instance, the influence of processing conditions on the residual stresses may be analyzed to optimize the processing method. The project is divided into multiple stages and tackled with the help of two partners: Bremen Institute for Applied Beam Technology (BIAS) and Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) in Garching. As illustrated in the overview above, our part can be summarised within two key aspects modeling and simulation, while BIAS will develop the underlying technical process and MLZ will perform neutron diffraction measurements that will help in the calibration of the simulation and for experimental validation.

The research project is carried out in the framework of the industrial collective research programme (IGF no. 21079N/3). It is supported by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) through the AiF (German Federation of Industrial Research Associations eV) based on a decision taken by the German Bundestag.

For more information, visit mib.uni-stuttgart.de

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2020 - 31.12.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Action
MLZ Conference 2021: Neutrons for Life Sciences

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 445241279.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.05.2020 - 30.06.2020

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
IPERION HS - Integrating Platforms for the European Research Infrastructure ON Heritage Science

Description

The core mission of the IPERION HS project is to further integrate and open European facilities for the study, restoration and conservation of cultural heritage, towards the establishment of the European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science (E-RIHS, an ESFRI Project). IPERION HS will thus launch and operate an integrating activity to support research in heritage science in Europe and beyond.

For more information, visit cordis.europa.eu and iperionhs.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.04.2020 - 31.03.2023

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No H2020-INFRAIA-2019-1 - 871034.

Microscopic and Macroscopic Analysis of the anelastic behavior of steel with regard to springback prediction

Description

In terms of lightweight design, for example, the use of high and ultra-high strength steels leads to challenges in elastic springback and thus dimensional accuracy. Although a large number of studies have already dealt with this phenomenon, there is no holistic view on the macroscopic and microscopic mechanisms and analysis of their correlation. The anelastic, so called plastically reversible, portion of the elastic unloading is differently explained in the microscopic level. Phase transformations, experimental setup errors, Poission’s ratio, and movement of dislocations are current assumptions for the observed nonlinear behavior. However, the arguments are based on macroscopic experiments and cannot prove of the microscopic assumptions. Microscopic investigations have shown that at the atomic level effects occur which differ from the macroscopic behavior. A coupling of microscopic parameters, such as local dislocation densities, phase transformations and microscopic stresses with macroscopic stress-strain behavior considering the elastic behavior of metallic materials, is lacking so far and should therefore be carried out in this research.The aim of this project is to analyze the elastic and anelastic behavior of the materials IF220 and DP1000 during loading and unloading, taking into account the rolling directions as well as the pre-strain, in order to develop, validate and verify a comprehensive and physically consistent model to predict springback of formed sheet metal components. Normal and cyclic tensile tests are carried out for this purpose and evaluated on the one hand microscopically by means of in situ neutron diffraction and on the other hand macroscopically by optical and tactile strain measurement. As part of the microscopic investigations in addition to the lattice strains, the change in the dislocation density and the texture development is analyzed using pole figures. These microscopic parameters are the basis of a physically consistent description of the processes. The microscopic results can be correlated with the macroscopic material behavior by means of parallel, synchronous measurement of the macroscopic deformation and the global load condition. Based on the interactions including pre-strain and rolling directions, a loading and unloading model is derived. Finally, the model will be implemented into a simulation environment as well as validated and verified using real experiments.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 429432653.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

07.02.2020 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
CREMLINplus - Connecting Russian and European Measures for Large-scale Research Infrastructures

Description

Successor project of CREMLIN (Horizon 2020, GA No. 654166) entitled “Connecting Russian and European Measures for Large-scale Research Infrastructures – plus”.

More information here

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.02.2020 - 31.01.2024

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No EU H2020-INFRASUPP-01-2018-2020 - 871072.

ExODiff - Exploring oxygen diffusion mechanisms in Pr2NiO4+d under in situ conditions by neutron scattering

Description

The project aims at studying the impact of lattice dynamics and oxygen ordering on the amplification of oxygen mobility at low temperature in the K2NiF4-type oxide Pr2NiO4+delta. In particular, it will allow evaluating and extending a newly proposed phonon-assisted oxygen diffusion mechanism, enabling to rationalize oxygen mobility features in solid oxides, from room to moderate temperatures. If it can be confirmed that, at low temperature, oxygen mobility is essentially triggered by lattice instabilities combined with low energy phonon modes, this will have an important impact not only for a fundamental understanding of the diffusion mechanism, but also for the concept of designing and optimizing new oxygen ion conductors. It is obvious that this will strongly enhance their potential for a variety of technological applications such as oxygen membranes, sensors or catalysts, especially in the low temperature regime.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 431446509.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2023

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Nucleation of Helium clusters in metals studied by positron annihilation combined with ion beam analysis and temperature programmed desorption

Description

Within the planned project we want to explore the underlying physics of the helium cluster nucleation process in molybdenum and tungsten. The main goal of the project is to reveal the role of lattice defects for He induced cluster nucleation, and to determine experimentally the binding energies of helium atoms at the simplest trapping site, i.e. a mono-vacancy with a low helium occupancy level, for the two model systems molybdenum and tungsten.The nucleation of He clusters and their growth to bubbles is known to occur in most metals as soon as a sufficient helium concentration and temperature is reached. This can either happen due to helium atoms entering the metal, although here a fairly high energy barrier of up to several eV needs to be overcome, or as consequence of alpha decay inside the metal. Since this occurs in nuclear fission and fusion devices, the phenomenon has been studied extensively in the context of nuclear engineering. Therefore, the implications of helium cluster growth for the macroscopic properties of many reactor relevant materials are well understood, but an experimentally confirmed model describing the He cluster nucleation on an atomic scale is not available so far. In the last decade an increasing number of computational studies have come to the conclusion that a combination of two mechanisms, namely helium self-trapping and trap-mutation is required to explain He cluster nucleation and growth. However, this hypothesis has not been tested experimentally. Within the scope of this project we aim to deliver this experimental test. We plan to prepare samples with a well-defined defect type and concentration, which will be subsequently characterized using the coincidence Doppler broadening spectrometer (CDBS) and positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) at the worlds brightest positron source (NEPOMUC) at FRM II. NEPOMUC is run by the first applicant as expert for positron experiments. These samples will then be implanted ex situ with helium at energies below the displacement damage threshold. Once the proposed upgrade of the CDBS with a He ion source is completed, in situ He loading will be done as well. Ion beam analysis (IBA) (nuclear reaction analysis and elastic recoil detection analysis) will be performed to study the distribution of helium in the near-surface region. Finally temperature programmed desorption (TPD) will give the binding energies of helium atoms at the trapping sites. The results will be correlated with the positron analytics results obtained by CDBS and PALS in order to assign TPD peaks to specific trapping sites. The experimentally obtained binding energies can then be directly compared to the literature values derived in computational studies. The IBA and TPD studies will be carried out in labs run by the second applicant, whose experience in hydrogen-and hydrogen metal interaction will be of great value.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation under the project number 429845086.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2022

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
ExZellTUM III - Center of Excellence for Battery Cells at the Technical University of Munich

Description

The “Centre of Excellence for Battery Cells at the Technical University of Munich” has built up competences in battery production, so that the entire process chain is managed by four research groups of the TUM: Chair for Technical Electrochemistry, Research Neutron Source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz, Institute for Electrical Energy Storage Technology, Institute for Machine Tools and Industrial Management.

Within the framework of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) funding initiative “Competence Cluster for Battery Materials (ExcellBattMat)”, the research focus at the ExcellentBattery Centre Munich lies on the material, chemical and electrochemical characterization and analysis as well as the modelling of next-generation anode and cathode materials. On the cathode side, the focus is on overlithiated and low-cobalt or cobalt-free NCM materials. These so-called HE-NCM cathodes are combined with silicon anodes.

Further development of electrochemical models offers an opportunity for characterization and analysis of lithium-ion cells with next generation anode and cathode materials. The results can directly be fed into the BMBF innovation pipeline (ProZell cluster) in order to enhance the production of next generation lithium-ion cells and strengthen the battery production in Germany. New findings will help to understand the aging mechanisms of anodes with a high silicon content (≈70%) in large-sized lithium-ion cells and bring silicon anodes further towards a commercialization.

For more information, please visit:
ei.tum.de
mw.tum.de

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 03XP0081 and 03XP0255.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.12.2019 - 30.11.2023

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
GENIE - Utilizing residual stresses in electrical sheet metal to increase energy efficiency

Description

Great efforts have already been made to achieve higher efficiencies of electric machines, but fundamentally new approaches are required to unlock additional potential. The targeted use of residual stresses and the resulting possibilities to change the magnetic properties in electrical steel sheets creates entirely new design options for future electric machines. As an example, in current electric drives, the magnetic flux is controlled by gaps in the electrical steel sheet, reducing the mechanical strength of the components. In contrast, residual stress induced by embossing acts, due to the magneto-elastic effect, as a flux barrier. This effect allows to guide the magnetic flux without reducing the mechanical strength of the components, thus enabling higher rotational speeds resulting in more efficient drives. In addition, the more homogeneous flux control, which enables better material utilization, could improve the efficiency of any electric machine.In the first phase of the project, the relationship between induced residual stresses and the reduction of magnetic permeability, which is the basic principle for the creation of flux barriers, was demonstrated. The residual stresses were reproducibly adjusted and varied on real parts. By means of neutron grating interferometry, single-sheet tests, nanoindentation and corresponding simulation models, the introduced residual stresses and their effects on the magnetizability could be illustrated.The working hypothesis, the project is based on, has been proven correct during the first phase. Hence, in the second phase of the project the focus will be on the quantification of residual stresses and their effects on the behavior during operation of the material. For this purpose, samples with a homogeneous distribution of embossings along the cross section of the sample will be produced to quantify the behavior of the embossed areas. Similarly, samples with partially embossed areas representing the application of embossings as flux barriers will be produced. To model the load appearing during real operation, the quantification methods have to be further developed to allow recording alternating magnetic fields and the superposition of statically applied and additional dynamic stresses, allowing them to be taken into account in the models. Besides the quantification of the measurement results, a central goal of the second phase is the quantification of the benefit of magnetic flux control using residual stress in comparison to a punched reference, which is to be defined.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 374548845.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.10.2019 - 30.09.2023

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
HiMat

Description

Joint research project 05K2019 – HiMat: Eine innovative Prüfmaschine für Heizen, Abschrecken, Ziehen, Drücken und Rissbildungsuntersuchungen von industrierelevanten Hochtemperaturlegierungen

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19WO7.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
NeutroSense

Description

Joint research project 05K2019 – NeutroSense: Ultrahochauflösende Untersuchung des Wassertransports in alkalischen Brennstoff- und Elektrolysezellen mittels Neutronenradiographie und -Tomographie

This joint research project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and comprises two parts:
Subproject 1 under the project number 05K19WO2; more information here
Subproject 2 under the project number 05K19VFA; more information here

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 31.12.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
RAPtOr - High accuracy robot for sample positioning in strain and texture measurements using neutron diffraction

Description

Joint research project 05K2019 – RAPtOr: High accuracy robot for sample positioning in strain and texture measurements using neutron diffraction

This joint research project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and comprises two parts:
Subproject 1 under the project number 05K19WO1; more information here
Subproject 2 under the project number 205K19WEA; more information here

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
ERWIN (2019) - Energy Research WIth Neutrons

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19VK3.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
NHSM - Next generation horizontal SANS magnet (NHSM) for quantum phenomena in nanostructures and correlated electron systems

Description

The NHSM project is a high performance compensated 12T horizontal magnet optimized for small angle neutron scattering (SANS), reflectometry and the resonance spin echo technique MIEZE (Modulation of IntEnsity with Zero Effort). The magnet is dedicated for research on quantum phenomena in nanostructures, strongly correlated electron systems and superconductivity.
NHSM will be optimized for lowest possible parasitic background scattering with the least possible amount of material in the beam. Together with a dedicated integrated cryostat, it will offer a wide temperature range of 50mK to 350K. Only the use of modern high-temperature superconducting (HTS) technology will allow the fringe field compensation of a split coil magnet as large as NHSM at reasonable weight (~500kg) and size (75cm x 75cm) enabling the use on a large number of beamlines at MLZ with minimized interference and stray fields. NHSM will be a pioneering project using HTS technology without cryogenic liquids (dry system). As such, NHSM will be the prototype for all future high performance sample environment magnets at large scale neutron scattering or photon scattering facilities.

More informationen here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19WO4.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 31.12.2020

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
MUSHROOM

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19WOA.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
SAPHiR (2019) - Construction of a Multi-Anvil high-pressure press at the Research Neutron Source (FRM II)

Description

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This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19WCA.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
KOMPASS (2019) - Cold neutron triaxial spectrometer

Description

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This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19PK1.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
BAMBUS (2019) - Development of a Flatcone-Multidetector System with Energy Analysis for the cold three-axes spectrometer PANDA

Description

BAMBUS – Development of a Flatcone-Multidetector System with Energy Analysis for the cold three-axes spectrometer PANDA

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This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19OD1.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2021

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
N4DP - Time resolved Isotope Tracking with Cold Neutrons

Description

Within this project we are extending the existing PGAA instrument at the FRM II by an option for neutron-based four-dimensional profiling (N4DP). This enables the non-destructive quantitative mapping of local distributions of light elements like 3He, 6Li, 10B or 14N with high sensitivity and resolution nearly independent of the bulk composition.

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19WO8.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
POSILIFE

Description

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19WN1.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
MIEZEFOC - MIEZE Modular construction

Description

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This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19WO3.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
HPneutrons - Development and optimisation of the high-pressure devices for polarised and non-polarised neutron diffraction and spectroscopy

Description

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This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19PA2.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

Laufzeit regulär: 01.07.2019-30.06.2022; kostenneutrale Verlängerung bis 31.12.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
MISANS (Modulated Intensity Small Angle Neutron Scattering) at the instrument RESEDA (Resonant Spin-Echo for Diverse Applications)

Description

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This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19WO5.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 31.12.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
NeutIR - Combined neutron scattering and IR-spectroscopy

Description

In situ Beobachtung von Strukturänderungen in biologischen Makromolekülen – kombinierte Neutronenstreuung und IR-Absorptionsspektroskopie legt Details der Proteinstrukturbildung offen.

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This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19PA3.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
POWTEX (2019) - a time-of-flight diffractometer

Description

In order to provide the large chemistry and materials-science communities with a powerful tool for rapid data acquisition, a time-of-flight diffractometer has been designed. The proposed time-of-flight diffractometer POWTEX is designed for high intensity even with very small samples at a reasonably good resolution of d-spacings.

Applying modern technologies like super-mirror guides, high-speed disk choppers with magnetic bearings and linear position-sensitive 3He detectors, an instrument can be designed so as to reach these goals.

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K19PA1.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Mechanisms for multiferroicity in rare-earth orthoferrites: Role of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

Description

The aim of this project is to determine the microscopic mechanisms responsible for the coupling between the magnetic and ferroelectric order parameters in multiferroic materials, where ferroelectricity is induced by magnetic ordering (type-II multiferroics). Particular attention will be paid to the elucidation of the role of the antisymmetric Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction which is considered to be one of the main components responsible for the multiferroicity. Clarification of the origin of the coupling between the magnetic and ferroelectric order parameters would allow to create new functional materials with desired properties.We plan to study the crystal and magnetic structures and magnetic interactions in rare-earth orthoferrites RFeO3 (R = Ho, Dy, Lu, Tb and Tm). Various neutron scattering techniques are planned to be applied for the investigation of crystal and magnetic properties of the RFeO3 family members. The peculiarities of their complex magnetic structures and their evolution under external conditions, such as temperature, magnetic and electric fields will be studied by polarized neutron diffraction, including both the unique spherical neutron polarimetry technique as well as the classical flipping-ratio method. Investigations of the magnetic dynamics will be performed by means of inelastic neutron scattering, which allows to obtain the magnetic exchange interaction parameters. Detailed studies of RFeO3 crystal structures, namely the search for structural distortions in a weak ferromagnetic phase to demonstrate the expected symmetry lowering will be done by both unpolarized neutron and X-ray diffraction techniques as well as dilatometry measurements. Results of the proposed experimental studies will be analyzed in relation to the ferroelectric phases of these materials. Based on the obtained results, the model of magnetoelectric interactions responsible for the multiferroic properties in orthoferrites will be developed and its level of universality will be established.

More information here.

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 410123747.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

Laufzeit regulär: 01.07.2019-31.12.2022; kostenneutrale Verlängerung bis 31.03.2023

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Rheology and structural properties of protein and particle-stabilized foams - A multi-scale approach

Description

The project aims at a deeper understanding and a better control of rheology and structural properties of protein and particle-stabilized foams. Therefore, the correlation between structure and dynamics has to be investigated on different length scales. We want to employ a multi-scale approach comprising the macroscopic foam, single foam films/ lamellae as well as the liquid/air interface. This strategy requires different scientific and technical skills not covered by an individual research group. The Willenbacher group (mechanical process engineering) contributes its expertise regarding rheology of foams and interfaces. The Müller-Buschbaum group (physics) will use various scattering techniques to explore the structure of the adsorbed amphiphilic surface layer. The v. Klitzing group (physical chemistry) has profound experience in characterizing interactions in foam films and interfacial absorption phenomena.Yield stress and shear modulus are crucial parameters characterizing rheological properties of foams. Preliminary work on milk protein foams disclosed that these physical parameters are directly related to interfacial elastic properties of the corresponding protein solutions. But under certain physico-chemical conditions drastic deviations from these simple correlations between foam rheology and interfacial elasticity were found presumably due to aggregation and structure formation within foam films interconnecting adjacent surface layers. Based on these findings the proposed project has two goals:1. We want to evaluate whether the simple relationship between yield stress and modulus of foams and interfacial elasticity of corresponding solutions found for milk proteins is also valid for other systems. Different proteins and nanoparticles will be used for foam stabilization. Based on these data a predictive physical model relating foam rheological parameters and interfacial elasticity of corresponding solutions will be developed.2. Under certain physico-chemical conditions (pH, ionic strength and valency) the above mentioned relationship between interfacial and foam rheology fails. Aggregation and structure formation of surface active ingredients at the liquid/ air interface and within foam lamellae will be investigated.Specular and grazing incidence X-ray and neutron reflection will be used to elucidate the lateral and vertical composition of the surface layer (length scale: 1-100 nm). Lateral heterogeneities of the surface layer on a micrometer length scale will be deduced from variations in the thermal diffusivity of tracer particles. Furthermore, aggregation and structure formation will be explored with respect to foam film stability using the Thin Film Pressure Balance technique. Structural investigations during drainage will reveal how and at which characteristic state of drainage structure formation across foam lamellae takes place.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 395854042.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.05.2019 - 30.04.2022

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
LiSi - Grenzflächenuntersuchungen an Li-Metall/Festelektrolyten mit Neutronenmethoden

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 03XP0224C.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.04.2019 - 31.03.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
ESS-ODIN - Instrument construction project: detailed design, manufacturing and procurement, installation and integration

Description

Instrument 13.6.5 (ODIN) construction project: detailed design, manufacturing and procurement, installation and integration

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

24.01.2019 - 31.12.2023

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
ESS C-SPEC - Instrument CSPEC construction project

Description

Instrument CSPEC construction project: detailed design, manufacturing and procurement, installation and integration

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number ESS-0099059.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

24.01.2019 - 31.12.2023

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Evolution of type II - residual strains in dependence on the microstructure of nickel base superalloys

Description

Macroscopic residual stresses may influence the mechanical properties of industrial components strongly. Thus, the reliable analysis of residual stresses is crucial.By diffraction methods, the macroscopic residual stresses are usually determined relative to a stress-free reference sample, which is cut from the component of interest. The macroscopic relaxation of the stress state during cutting is assumed to leave the type II residual stresses (intergranular and interphase stresses) unaffected. However, particularly in high performance alloys with multiple crystallographic phases inside and which undergo complex thermo-mechanical treatments during their production process, a change of type II residual stresses during macroscopic relaxation is conceivable. In a diffractometric residual stress analysis this may cause high spurious stresses and strains, which may lead to high costs due to overestimated residual stresses and thus due to excessively designs. Our preliminary work points to the fact, that the evolution of intergranular and interphase micro strains may be governed by different microstructural mechanisms in IN718 and Haynes282. The goal of this research project is the fundamental understanding of the sources of different micro mechanical behavior of these two nickel based superalloys.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 280883331.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

19.01.2019 - 31.05.2021

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
BrightnESS-2: Bringing together a neutron ecosystem for sustainable science with ESS

Description

BrightnESS² is a European Union-funded project within the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation program. There are 15 institutes and universities from Europe and South Africa participating in the BrightnESS² partnership. The total budget is nearly €5 M and the duration of the project is three years. The European Spallation Source (ESS) in Lund, Sweden, will enable both fundamental and applied research. BrightnESS² is an integrated program in support of long-term sustainability of ESS, its community, and the network of neutron sources in Europe.

More information here

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2021

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No H2020-EU.1.4.1.1. - 823867 .

e-conversion: Fundamentals of Energy Conversion Processes

Description

Today’s sustainable energy research targets specific energy technologies and their related materials. The cluster e-conversion instead strives to establish a complementary paradigm that bridges major energy conversion strategies ranging from photovoltaics through (photo)electrocatalysis to batteries by focusing on the materials interfaces that underlie these functions. Critical bottlenecks like recombination and relaxation losses, overpotentials, and resistances arise due to insufficient control of microscopic excitation and energy conversion (e-conversion) processes at these interfaces. E-conversion therefore merges the powerful concepts of nanoscience and mechanistic energy research to create well-defined and tunable reference systems, and to establish fundamental understanding through their comprehensive (operando) characterization. For this, we will structure and sculpt materials from their constituting units to achieve controlled morphologies and molecular architectures. We will follow and orchestrate processes as short as femtoseconds and observe matter with resolution down to atomic dimensions. Research thrusts will address e-conversion processes at interfaces between different solid phases, between solids and liquids, and between molecular layers and solids. Unprecedented synergies, cross-fertilization and coherence of the research program arise from materials and processes common to different energy applications, and from different interfaces all contributing towards specific energy solutions.With this agenda, e-conversion will act as innovation hub for the development of novel microscopic concepts regarding the efficient conversion of excitations and energy at interfaces that currently limit sustainable energy technologies. The enhanced knowledge base and a deep understanding of the key bottlenecks will fuel intrinsically new approaches towards enhanced efficiencies, improved stabilities and a sustainable materials base. Our mechanism-oriented strategy will be consciously extended over a wide range of novel materials and morphologies. Evolving the exploratory research towards scalable synthesis and processing methods, e-conversion will thereby break the ground for developing a wide scope of new systems with optimized optoelectronic, photocatalytic and electrochemical functions.For these ambitious endeavors, e-conversion draws on a scientific ecosystem of experts and facilities in nanoscience and energy research that is uniquely present in the Munich area. Young academics will strongly benefit from the dynamic environment of the cluster, and will be directly supported through access to a seed funding scheme and research fellowships as well as a comprehensive offer of workshops, mentoring, family and diversity programs. These and all other activities are driven by the enthusiasm and determination to create a rich and rewarding experience in both research and education for established and young academics alike.

More information here

This DFG-programme “Clusters for Excellence” is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 390776260 (EXC 2089: e-conversion) .

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2024

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Kinetics of aggregation in thermoresponsive polymer solutions upon a pressure jump

Description

The research project planned addresses the relation between the hydration of thermoresponsive polymers in aqueous solution and the kinetics of their aggregation upon a pressure jump from the one-phase to the two-phase state. In dependence on temperature and pressure, non-ionic thermoresponsive polymers exhibit an elliptical coexistence line. It is well known that, at high pressure, the hydrophobic hydration of polymers at the phase transition decreases less than at atmospheric pressure. Moreover, the hydrogen bonds of the polar groups play an important role for the phase transition. Pressure jumps across the phase transition are an alternative to temperature jumps and offer the possibility to characterize the kinetics of aggregation and to relate it to the hydration state. In contrast to temperature jumps, also the early stages are accessible. Moreover, the dissolution of aggregates can be investigated in the reverse pressure jumps. At this, time-resolved measurements of the light transmission as well as time-resolved small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering are used. In addition, the interactions between polymer and water shall be investigated using Raman spectroscopy in dependence on temperature and pressure. Three systems are in the focus: (A) PNIPAM, (B) PNIPMAM, and © PS-b-PNIPAM diblock copolymers, all in aqueous solution. System A is a reference system, which we have investigated in numerous static investigations. System B features two-step behavior at the temperature-induced phase transition at atmospheric pressure, which is due to the enhanced hydrophobic interactions compared to PNIPAM. System C forms micelles with a thermoresponsive shell, and the results from system A can be applied to this self-assembled system. From the characterization of the aggregate growth, the growth mechanisms, the energy barriers and the collision times of the aggregates shall be determined and shall be related to the hydration. This way, a relation between the molecular interactions and the kinetics at mesoscopic length scales will be derived, which are applied to a more complex system.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 403786900.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.11.2018 - 31.10.2022

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
CSC HAT alloy

Description

This project is funded by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) under the project number 57395819.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

21.08.2018 - 21.02.2020

Funding organisation

  • German Academic Exchange Service
Multi-Component Electronic Correlations in Non-Centrosymmetric f-Electron Compounds

Description

In metallic f-electron compounds the effects of electronic correlations are exceptionally pronounced, driving conventional and unconventional forms of spin and charge order. Despite many decades of intense research in heavy fermion materials, an important unresolved question concerns to what extent the effects of strong correlations reflect the interplay of nearly equivalent energy scales such as magnetic interactions, spin and lattice anisotropies, crystal electric fields magneto-elastic coupling etc. Recent studies in non-centrosymmetric f-electron compounds reveal, that the coupling of phonons, crystal field excitations and magnons stabilise new forms of hybrid excitations, unconventional superconductivity and complex forms of magnetic order. We propose to develop a detailed phenomenological account of the nature of electronic correlations in carefully selected non-centrosymmetric f-electron compounds, combining the preparation of high quality single-crystals, bulk and transport measurements under extreme conditions, comprehensive neutron scattering studies and measurements of quantum oscillations. We propose to focus in our studies on the class of isostructural CeTAl3 and CeTGa3 compounds (where T stands for a transition metal), as well as complimentary systems selected to expose unconventional behaviour.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 323760292.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.03.2018 - 28.02.2022

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Co-nonsolvency Induced Self-Organization of Thermoresponsive Block Copolymers in Solution and in Thin Films

Description

The research project addresses the self-assembly of responsive amphiphilic block copolymers having different architectures (di-, tri- and star block copolymers) in mixtures of water and organic solvents under cononsolvency conditions. The block copolymers, which consistently contain poly(methylmethacrylate) as permanently hydrophobic block, use three different thermoresponsive blocks (PNIPAM, PNIPMAM and PNVIBAM), in which the molecular fine structure of the hydrophilic amide groups is systematically varied. The synthesis will be carried out using RAFT (Reversible Addition Fragmentation Chain Transfer) and switchable chain transfer agents. A special focus of the investigations is on the comparison of the cononsolvency-induced self-assembly in the bulk phase and in thin films.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 353024969.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2020

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
LEU FOREvER: Low Enriched Uranium Fuels fOR REsEarch Reactors

Description

Securing the nuclear fuel supply for European research reactors is the overall objective of the FOREvER project. Our analysis points out two main risks of shortage:
  1. The very challenging conversion of High Performance Research Reactors (HPRRs) from High to Low Enriched Uranium fuels (LEU)
  2. The ROSATOM monopoly to fuel medium power research reactors (MPRRs) with original Soviet design.

More information here

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.10.2017 - 30.09.2021

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No HORIZON2020 - 754378.

Thin films from pH and thermoresponsive triblock copolymers

Description

Thin films from pH and thermoresponsive triblock copolymers: from network dynamics to defect-free films

The research project proposed investigates the self-organisation and dynamics of triblock copolymers which have thermoresponsive end blocks and a pH responsive middle block. The end blocks are statistical copolymers from hydrophobic and thermoresponsive monomers and feature lower critical solution behavior. The middle blocks are weak cationic polyelectrolytes which have strongly pH dependent chain conformations. The thermoresponsive properties of the end blocks enable the control of the network dynamics: At temperatures below the phase transition, the crosslinks are dynamic, whereas they are frozen above. The responsivity of the end and middle blocks shall be exploited to prepare perfectly ordered, nanostructured thin films. These swell strongly in water or water vapor and are therefore a model system for sensors. The degree of swelling depends on the preparation conditions. Firstly, the network structures will be studied in dependence on polymer concentration, H value, ionic strength and temperature. The network dynamics will be investigated with dynamic light scattering, both in the conventional way and with a rotating sample. Secondly, on the basis of these results, the swelling behavior of thick films and the structural changes shall be studied during swelling in water at different relevant pH values, ionic strength and temperatures. These investigations are carried out using synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering. Thirdly, thin films will be prepared at selected pH values and ionic strengths. Their swelling behavior and structural changes during swelling in water vapor and during drying. At this, the network dynamics will be varied by change of temperature to achieve defect-free structures and to conserve them. These films may be considered as model systems for sensors.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 323407593.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.10.2017 - 31.03.2021

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
In-situ investigations of condensation, nucleation and growth of metal films and nanostructures on organic surfaces during sputter deposition

Description

While sputtering of metal coatings on polymers is well established, the early deposition stages are still not well understood due to the complex nature of the deposition process. However, particularly the sub-monolayer regime with its transient 2D nanogranular and ramified structures is of great interest for hosts of emerging applications ranging from plasmonics through sensors to organic photovoltaics. These applications require precise control and understanding of the sputter deposition of sub-monolayer metallic nanostructures on polymer surfaces prior to the formation of a closed film. In the current funding period, the early deposition stages were monitored for selected metal-polymer systems in real time with high special and temporal resolution by means of grazing incidence small angle scattering (GISAXS) in a specially designed mobile sputter chamber at the MiNaXS/P03 instrument of the synchrotron radiation source PETRAIII. The unique results, combined with modelling and various other in situ and ex-situ techniques as well as computer simulations have provided a profound understanding of sub-monolayer sputter deposition. In the 2nd funding period, even more complex processes such as deposition of 2D nanogranular metal alloy films and sputtering onto block copolymer films will be studied. For nanoscale metal alloy structures, marked deviations from bulk phase diagrams are to be expected. This will inter alia allow in-situ observation of phase separation in growing complex nanostructures. Block copolymer substrates will give rise to tailored nanostructures, because they involve selective wetting and nucleation on one of the blocks at different tailorable length scales. At a later stage, glancing-angle deposition will provide another exciting subject of investigation.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 238058777.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.04.2017 - 31.03.2021

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
NEPOMUC - An intense positron pulse source

Description

Experiments with positrons have so far used continuous beams or pulsed beams of low density and high repetition rate. Here we suggest to use recently developed techniques for efficient storage of positrons to build a positron trap of unprecedented capacity. It will enable to store the primary beam of the NEPOMUC beamline, and produce short, very intense positron pulses from this IPPS (Intense Positron Pulse Source).Positrons will be stored in a system of cylindrical traps in which positrons are travelling along the field lines of a superconducting electromagnet, and are additionally confined by electrostatic potentials (Penning- Malmberg trap). The project aims for a storage capacity of 10^12 particles. In order to achieve this figure, a system of several Penning-Malmberg traps will be used, that are radially arranged around the central axis of the magnet. To fill the traps, positrons will be transported radially (perpendicular to the fieldlines) in a so-called Master cell, spanning the whole diameter of the magnet.Equally important, we will develop techniques to inject the primary NEPOMUC beam, currently guided by a field of 5 mT, into the field of the storage cells (5 T). In order to do so, positrons can either be decelerated and cooled down by inelastic collisions with a neutral background gas (‘buffer gas trap’). Very cold positrons produced such can then be accelerated electrostatically into the stronger magnetic field. Alternatively, we will explore the route of direct injection of very energetic positrons into the 5 T field, where they will be slowed down by collisions in a metallic remoderator. We will develop both techniques initially, in order to decide for the more efficient one, which will eventually be realized in our system.Applications for intense, extremely short positron pulses produced in our device are in particular for the investigation of positron-matter interaction. The project is an apparative pre-requisite for future research on charged, trapped nano-particles using positron pulses using a dedicated set-up at NEPOMUC. A second aim is the production of the first cold, magnetically enclosed pair plasma composed of electrons and positrons. This project, which is equally important for fundamental plasma physics as well as for astrophysics, will be the first application for the planned device. Further research aims are in condensed matter physics: For the first time, it will be possible to investigate bulk solids, in which positrons are occupying not only ground, but – because of their higher density – also excited states.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 326943750.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.03.2017 - 31.05.2021

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
ACCELERATE - ACCELERATing Europe's Leading Research Infrastructures

Description

ACCELERATE” is a Horizon 2020 project, supporting the long-term sustainability of large scale research infrastructures (RIs) through the development of policies and legal and administrative tools for a more effective management and operation of RIs, with a special focus on ERICs and CERIC in particular.

For more information, please visit: cordis.europa.eu accelerate2020.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2020

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No HORIZON2020 - 731112.

TEMET NOSCE - Transport & Morphology. Effect on Nongeminate Recombination in Organic Solar Cells

Description

While organic photovoltaics have experienced continued efficiency improvements in recent years, several fundamental aspects of the dominant loss mechanism, nongeminate recombination, are still not understood. The aim of the TEMET NOSCE project is to understand the role of the different aspects of charge transport in nongeminate recombination and their relationship to the morphology of the photoactive layer. Therefore, we plan to measure the recombination rate, charge carrier concentration, electron and hole mobility in a number of systematically varied samples under comparable experimental conditions. These measurements are complemented with a detailed study of the morphology of the active layer of these samples with advanced X-ray techniques. The recombination and morphology characterizations will then be combined in kinetic Monte Carlo simulations to test and develop new physical models for nongeminate recombination. This multi-methodological approach will provide the basis for a fundamental understanding of the relationship between performance, properties, and morphology in organic photovoltaics.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 279635873

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2017 - 31.03.2021

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Solar Technologies go Hybrid

Description

Information here

“Solar Technologies go Hybrid” is an initiative of the Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Wissenschaft und Kunst.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2021

Funding organisation

  • Bavarian State Ministry of Science and the Arts
ExZellTUM II - Excellence for battery cells at the Technische Universität München

Description

The Research Neutron Source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II) is partner of the new center of excellence for battery cells at the Technical University of Munich. Scientists and companies work together with the aim of investigating and improving the production of lithium-ion cells as energy storage units for electric cars. Current high-performance energy storage units based on lithium-ion technology are not yet ready to go into production. The interdisciplinary network of ExZellTUM will therefore contribute to the further development and manufacture of lithium-ion batteries.

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 03XP0081.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.10.2016 - 30.11.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
DisPBiotech

Description

DisPBiotech – Subprojekt of SPP1934

In the DFG priority programme DiSPBiotech (SPP 1934), engineers and scientists have set themselves the task of investigating the dispersity-, structural- and phase-changes of proteins and biological agglomerates in biotechnological processes.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 273937032.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.09.2016 - 30.08.2019

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
ODIN and C-SPEC at ESS

Description

This project is a contribution to the set-up of ODIN (Optical and Diffraction Imaging with Neutrons) and C-SPEC (Cold Chopper-Spectrometer). ODIN is a multi-purpose imaging instrument that can provide spatial resolutions down to the outrange. C-SPEC, on the other hand, is a direct geometry time of flight spectrometer developed as a German/French collaboration between FRM II and LLB. Both instruments can be found at the European Spallation Source (ESS ERIC).

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 31.03.2017

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Mikroskopische Struktur und Dynamik massivglasbildender metallischer Schmelzen unter geringfügiger Zugabe von zusätzlichen Legierungselementen

Description

For more information, visit gepris.dfg.de

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 315677471.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2018

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Application of Austempered Ductile Iron in Hydraulic Components with Dynamic Loads

Description

Austempered ductile iron (ADI) and isothermed ductile iron (IDI) are heat treated ductile irons (GJS). The heat treatment of ADI consist of the steps: austenitising, quenching and isothermal austempering. During the austenitisation the austenite enriches with carbon. As the austenite partially transforms into ferrite during the isothermal austempering, the carbon enrichment of the remaining austenite increases making it stable at room temperature. IDI on the other side is intercritically austenitised followed by a controlled cooling. The cooling rate is selected in a way that pearlite forms. The microstructure of IDI therefore consist of proeutectoid ferrite and pearlite.
The principle aim of the research project therefore is to increase the fatigue properties of components, which are exposed to dynamic oil pressures by the application of ADI. As a possible cost-effective alternative IDI will also be tested for this application.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 289765656.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2018

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Near surface dynamics of layers of non-cross-linked and cross-linked polymer architectures at solid planar surfaces

Description

The proposed project addresses the inner dynamics of polymer matrices of different molecular architecture in the presence of solid planar substrate. Functionalisation of solid surfaces by coating them with thin polymer films has a large impact for e.g. controlled drug release, lubrication and sensorics. In order to design new coatings knowledge about the internal structure and dynamics is essential. This offers a deeper understanding of the interaction between the polymer chains themselves, under the influence of cross-linking, with additive like in hybrid systems (drug release, sensorics) or with other surfaces (lubrication). While the structure of many of these polymer systems has been already extensively studied not much is known about their dynamics when attached to surfaces, and the proposed project will contribute to close this gap of knowledge. The project focuses on the effect of geometrical confinement on the dynamics of polymer in thin films either close to one solid interface or between two solid interfaces.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 290879244.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2020

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
INA780 - Ni-Basis Superlegierung Alloy 780

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16WO2.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2020

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
BioSpek

Description

Neutron scattering with proteins under physiological conditions – Neutron spectroscopy as quantitative analysis tool of protein dynamics and protein conformations

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16PA1.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
FlexiProb

Description

Joint research project “05K2016 – FlexiProb”

This joint research project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and comprises several parts:
Subproject 2 under the project number 05K16KT4; more information here
Subproject 3 under the project number 05K16WOA; more information here

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
BornAgain - Analysis of GISAS data of three-dimensional nanoparticle

Description

Further development of BornAgain for the analysis of GISAS data of three-dimensional nanoparticle assemblies taking into consideration the instrumental influences and validation by reference measurements

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16WEB.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.09.2020

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
POSITEC

Description

Joint research project “05K2016 – POSITEC

This joint research project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and comprises two parts:
Subproject 1 under the project number 05K16WN1;
Subproject 2 under the project number 05K16WO7.

More information here

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
NECTAR - Thermal neutrons at NECTAR

Description

The project consists of two closely linked parts:
1. The planned option to extend the NECTAR beamline to provide an additional thermal neutron spectrum for tomographic and other radiation experiments.
2. The further development and application of the methodology to use the data obtained with thermal and fast neutrons in a combined evaluation process.

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16VK3.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 31.03.2020

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
POWTEX (2016) - a time-of-flight diffractometer

Description

In order to provide the large chemistry and materials-science communities with a powerful tool for rapid data acquisition, a time-of-flight diffractometer has been designed. The proposed time-of-flight diffractometer POWTEX is designed for high intensity even with very small samples at a reasonably good resolution of d-spacings.

Applying modern technologies like super-mirror guides, high-speed disk choppers with magnetic bearings and linear position-sensitive 3He detectors, an instrument can be designed so as to reach these goals.

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16PA2.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
NeuRoFast

Description

Joint research project “05K2016 – NeuRoFast”

This joint research project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and comprises two parts:
Subproject 1 under the project number 05K16WO8; more information here
Subproject 2 under the project number 05K16VFA; more information here

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2020

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
RESEDA+

Description

RESEDA+
Longitudinal Resonance Neutron Spin Echo Spectrometer

This project renewed several components of the high-resolution resonance spin echo spectrometer operated by the Technische Universität München (TUM). The goal was to allow the spectrometer make more robust operations; furthermore, the spectometer was optimized to increase the accessible spin-echo times over more than 6 orders of magnitude.

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16WO6.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
4D N4DP - 4-Dimensional Isotope-Sensitive Material Depth Profiling Using Cold Neutrons

Description

Four-Dimensional Isotope-Sensitive Material Depth Profiling Using Cold Neutrons

Within this project we are extending the existing PGAA instrument at the FRM II by an option for neutron-based four-dimensional profiling (N4DP). This enables the non-destructive quantitative mapping of local distributions of light elements like 3He, 6Li, 10B or 14N with high sensitivity and resolution nearly independent of the bulk composition.

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16WO1.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
HEiDi (2016) - Extension of the single crystal diffractometer

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16PA3.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
NLHalleOst

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05E16WO1.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2020

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
MIEZETOP - Development of an additional modular instrument set for the instrument MIRA

Description

Development of an additional modular instrument set for the instrument MIRA at FRM II in order to investigate the dynamics of solids in high magnetic fields.

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16WO4.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
POWTEX2

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16MGC.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2022

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
ERWIN (2016) - Energy Research WIth Neutrons

Description

The need for rapid data collection and studies of small sample volumes in the range of mm3 are the main driving force for the concept of a high-throughput monochromatic diffraction instrument at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ). A large section of reciprocal space will be addressed with sufficient dynamic range and µs time-resolution while allowing for a variety of complementary sample environments. The medium-resolution neutron powder diffraction (NPD) option for “Energy research with Neutrons” (ErwiN) at the research reactor Munich is foreseen to meet future demand.

For more information, please visit:
foerderportal.bund.de
iam.kit.edu

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16VK2.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
KOMPASS (2016) - Cold neutron triaxial spectrometer

Description

Set up of cold neutron triaxial spectrometer at FRM II, with the focus on the development of a permanent polarization analysis.

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16PK1.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
BAMBUS for PANDA (2016)

Description

BAMBUS – Development of a Flatcone-Multidetector System with Energy Analysis for the cold three-axes spectrometer PANDA

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16OD2.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
SAPHiR (2016) - Construction of a Multi-Anvil high-pressure press at the Research Neutron Source (FRM II)

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16WCA.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
TOFTOF - Optische In-situ Methoden für das Flugzeitspektrometer TOFTOF

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K16WO3.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2019

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Positron Injection into a Magnetic Dipole Field for the Study of an Electron-Positron Plasma

Description

Within this project we plan to produce a low-energy, high-brightness positron beam and to use it for the first creation of an electron-positron plasma. This plasma is expected to have unique properties compared to conventional plasmas, for example to be essentially turbulence-free. The uniqueness stems from the exact mass symmetry, in contrast to electron-ion plasmas. A novel magnetic field configuration will be used to confine the plasma, namely a magnetic dipole trap. Particle losses by annihilation are predicted to be sufficiently low to allow long confinement times, and still high enough that the annihilations can be used as a plasma diagnostic. Yet, up to now, no such plasma has been produced on Earth. We will exploit two state-of-the-art technologies to overcome the two main bottlenecks in the study of controlled pair plasmas: Insufficient number of positrons, and insufficient confinement. The NEPOMUC beamline at the FRM II research reactor in Garching, developed by the first applicant, is a unique device for the production of high-intensity positron beams using a nuclear capture reaction. NEPOMUC is currently the most intense source of slow positrons in the world. Excellent confinement of both neutral and non-neutral plasmas by the field of a levitated, superconducting current loop has in recent years been demonstrated by the second applicant.In this project, we plan to take the last missing step on the path to production of a pair plasma, namely the injection of the positron beam into the confinement region, and plan to carry out first studies of a plasma formed after successful injection. As a prerequisite, we will develop the extraction of positrons from the NEPOMUC source at a low DC bias in order to generate a low-energy positron beam suitable for injection. For injection, a strategy using deflection plates to induce ExB drifts on closed orbits will be combined with a ‘rotating wall’-like AC field to stabilize the ensuing positron orbits. An alternative approach for positron injection will be carried out by using a tungsten single crystal for positron re-moderation immediately after the ExB filter. This method would allow us to easily separate the primary positron beam and the brightness enhanced remoderated positron beam in order to explore the potential for more efficient injection into the dipole field.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 285825712.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.04.2016 - 31.05.2020

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Intelligent textiles based on thermo-responsive copolymer coatings

Description

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number MU 1487/23-1.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.02.2016 - 31.05.2017

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Experimental Analysis of multiaxial residual stress states induced by laser surface hardening

Description

Subject of the proposed follow-up application is the development of a measuring and evaluation strategy for the non-destructive determination of triaxial residual stress depth distributions in the range of some tenth of a millimeter to some millimeters with neutron diffraction. This method is of essential significance in the case that the conventional approach for the determination of local residual stress depths gradients with diffraction methods, i.e. repeated X-ray stress analysis according to the sin²y-method in combination with a successive sub-layer removal, is accompanied with massive residual stress redistributions due to the materials removal.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 206828805.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.12.2015 - 31.01.2017

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
SINE2020 -World class Science and Innovation with Neutrons in Europe 2020

Description

SINE2020 is a consortium of 18 partner institutions from 12 countries. It has two objectives:

  • Preparing Europe for the unique opportunities at the European Spallation Source (ESS) in 2020, and
  • Developing the innovation potential of neutron Large Scale Facilities (LSF’s).

For more information, please visit:
cordis.europa.eu
sine2020.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.10.2015 - 30.09.2019

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No HORIZON2020 - 654000.

CREMLIN - Connecting Russian and European Measure for Large-scale Research Infra-structures

Description

CREMLIN” is a European-Russian project that aims at improving and strengthening the collaboration between Russian and European research infrastructures (RI). CREMLIN is a pathfinding project, aiming at exploring pathways and strategies for an intensified EU-Russian collaboration on RI.

For more information, please visit:
cordis.europa.eu
cremlin.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.09.2015 - 30.08.2018

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No HORIZON2020 - 654166.

HERACLES-CP - Toward the Conversion of High Performance Research Reactors in Europe

Description

In the framework of the joint international efforts to reduce the risk of proliferation by minimising the use of highly enriched uranium, a new research reactor fuel based on uranium-molybdenum (UMo) alloys is being developed by the HERACLES group. HERACLES is composed of AREVA-CERVA, CEA, ILL, SCK•CEN and TUM, all organisations with a long-standing history in fuel manufacturing and qualification. HERACLES works towards the qualification of UMo fuels, based on a series of “comprehension” experiments and manufacturing developments.

For more information, please visit:
heracles-consortium.eu
cordis.europa.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.06.2015 - 29.02.2020

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No HORIZON2020 - 661935.

ATUMS: International Graduate School for Environmentally Responsible Functional Hybrid Materials

Description

GRK 2022: Alberta/Technical University of Munich
International Graduate School for Environmentally Responsible Functional Hybrid Materials (ATUMS)

Semiconductor nanoparticles and functional polymers rank among the great scientific triumphs of the late 20th century. Within the Alberta/TUM International Graduate School (IRTG 2022 “ATUMS”), these structures merge to form advanced hybrid functional materials (HFMs) that hold promise of addressing far reaching societal needs; these HFMs have the potential to revolutionize solar energy conversion and storage, low power electronics, displays, optical communication, while simultaneously ushering in a new paradigm for sensors, drug delivery, therapeutics, diagnostics, etc. Unleashing this potential requires extensive foundational research, and a highly-skilled cross-disciplinary workforce must be established. The Phase I of ATUMS has been exceptionally successful on these fronts. ATUMS has strategically integrated the research expertise of leading German and Canadian chemists, physicists, and engineers to generate novel nanoscale material composites and demonstrate proof-of-concept (opto)electronic devices (e.g., sensors, FETs, and LEDs). The crossdisciplinary chain-of-knowledge research strategy has also guided our training approach. Every ATUMS Phase I graduate is now actively pursuing a modern advanced career track (e.g. researcher, management trainee, entrepreneur, etc.). Our approach is clearly providing the contextual international education needed to foster the next generation of scientific leaders. ATUMS Phase II will allow us to build on the impactful accomplishments of Phase I, while simultaneously expanding the scope of our Graduate School. We will continue to apply our coordinated inter/cross-disciplinary approach to new material/application categories (i.e., Sinanosheets, MOFs, (Project 1), “fuel” driven self-assemblies (8 & 5) and hydrogenated Zintlphases (3)). We will also draw on the expertise of our fully integrated international inter/crossdisciplinary team and rely on a coherent path to knowledge from chemical synthesis to final prototype applications. The training program at TUM will once again be conducted under the wings of DFG-accredited TUM IGSSE (Intl. Graduate School of Science & Engineering) and will comprise training elements from its more than 200 courses to enhance personal, social and entrepreneurial skills. In particular, the “TUM Entrepreneurial Idea” will be strengthened by arranging seminars/workshops along the line “from the scientific idea through professional IP handling to company foundation”.

For more information, please visit:
gepris.dfg.de
igsse.gs.tum.de

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 245845833.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.06.2015 - 30.03.2022

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Dynamics in chiral magnets

Description

Dynamics in chiral magnets -Helimagnons in MnSi under pressure: Towards the non-Fermi liquid phase

In the previous project we have reached a full theoretical understanding of the (B, T)-phase diagram of MnSi and its underlying dynamical processes based on only three input parameters, the strength of the DM interaction, the stiffness of the magnetic spiral under magnetic field and the anharmonicity of the magnetic spin system.This will allow us to continue in the understanding of the role of the anisotropy and the fluctuations in MnSi as we extend the parameter space to applied pressure. Here we are interested in how the magnetic spiral develops with pressure and if there is new physics when approaching the critical pressure of 14.6 kbar. We would furthermore like to explore the behaviour of MnSi under pressure and field simultaneously, eventually testing the skyrmion regime. Finally, we plan to reach the critical pressure and above both in zero field and with applied magnetic field. This will enable us to test whether the non-Fermi liquid behaviour above the critical pressure is related to the spin dynamics of the skyrmion lattice. This will help to establish a connection between magnetic fluctuations and topological magnetic structures.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 270344603.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.04.2015 - 30.06.2020

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Spherical horse in a vacuum or applicable micelles? Behavior and shape of nanoparticles: anticancer drug carriers in real blood environment

Description

We wish to make a breakthrough in understanding the behavior of anticancer drug carriers in real blood environment by focusing on two aspects: (i) the considerable dilution after injection into the blood and (ii) specific and nonspecific interactions with blood components, e.g. proteins. At this, we follow the contrasting and labeling approach.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 265795383.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.03.2015 - 28.02.2018

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Mixtures of solvents and mixtures of block copolymers as tools for tunable structures in block copolymer thin films

Description

The continuation project aims at (i) understanding the processes in diblock copolymer thin films during vapor treatment with solvent mixtures and (ii) at using micro- and macrophase separation in thin films of mixtures of diblock copolymers to prepare complex structures. In project part (i), thin films from cylinder-forming diblock copolymers will be vapor treated with mixtures of selective and non-selective solvents. This will lead to an understanding of the restructuring processes; thus, optimum protocols to anneal defects and to induce the desired cylinder orientations by solvent vapor annealing will be identified. In project part (ii), thin films from binary mixtures of symmetric diblock copolymers will be investigated which form complex structures due to the interplay of micro- and macrophase separation. In mixtures of symmetric and asymmetric diblock copolymers, we will investigate the transition from the lamellar to the cylindrical morphology including possible interphases and epitaxial growth as well as the role of the film interfaces.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 181436160.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.03.2015 - 28.02.2018

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Opti-Alloy

Description

For more information, please visit:
forschungsstiftung.de mw.tum.de

This project is funded by the Bayerische Forschungsstiftung under the project number AZ1134-14.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.02.2015 - 31.01.2017

Funding organisation

  • Bayerische Forschungsstiftung
The influence of biopolymers on mineralization in water treatment processes

Description

However, the application of the strategy to laser surface hardened material states is still problematic; since we could demonstrate that a second surface effect occurs at the interface between the laser hardened martensitic process zone and the ferritic base material. This effect will be experimentally and numerically studied in detail within the continuation of the successful project. Finally, a strategy for avoiding and for the numerical compensation of the surface effect for this interfacial zone will be developed. For this purpose, the analytical model for simulation of the neutron experiment will be extended accordingly. Moreover, the transformation of the method to further neutron experiments dedicated for residual stress analyses (e.g. Salsa@ILL) will be achieved.

This project is funded by the German-Israeli Foundation of Scientific Research and Development under the Grant No. I-1240-307.8/2014.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.01.2015 - 31.12.2017

Funding organisation

  • German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development
SoNDE - Solid-State Neutron Detector

Description

SoNDe is a project for the development and construction of a high-flux capable neutron detector.
The Solid-State Neutron Detector – SoNDe – project aims to develop a high-resolution neutron detector technique that will enable the construction of position-sensitive neutron detectors for high-flux sources, such as the upcoming European Spallation Source (ESS). Moreover, by avoiding the use of 3He in this detector the 3He-shortage, which might otherwise impede the construction of such large-scale facilities, can be alleviated. The main features of the envisioned detector technique are:

• high-flux capacity, capable of handling the peak-flux of up-to-date spallation sources
• high-resolution down to 3 mm by direct imaging technique, higher resolutions available by interpolation
• no beam stop necessary, thus enabling investigations with direct beam intensity
• independence of 3He
• modularity, improving maintenance characteristics of today’s neutron detectors

Detectors of these kind will be capable of usage in a wide array of neutron instruments at facilities which use neutrons to conduct there research, among them the Institute Laue-Langevin (ILL) in France, the Maier-Leibnitz-Zentrum (MLZ, former FRMII) in Germany, Laboratoire Leon Brillion (LLB) in France and ISIS in the United Kingdom which are in operation at the moment and the upcoming ESS. At these facilities neutrons are used as a probe in a wide array of fields, ranging from material science to develop new and smart materials, chemical and biological science to develop new drugs for improved treatment of a wide range of medical conditions, magnetic studies for the development of future information storage technology to archeology, probing historical artifacts without physically destroying them. All these fields nowadays rely heavily on neutrons scattering facilities in their research and thus are in need of a reliable, high-quality neutron detection technique, which will be able to perform well at the new high-flux facilities such as ESS and simultaneously avoid the problem of 3He shortage.

For further information, please visit cordis.europa.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.05.2014 - 31.10.2019

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No H2020-EU.1.4.1.1. - 654124.

TRR80 - Stabilizing Magnetic Order under Extreme Conditions

Description

It is intended to combine scanning and near-field light scattering techniques for studying the charge, spin, and lattice dynamics of correlated electron systems. The combination facilitates the simultaneous analysis of single- and two-particle spectroscopies at identical positions of a surface. This enables one to reveal the impact of electronic correlations on the materials properties close to magnetic textures, surfaces, defects, and interfaces.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 107745057.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2021

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
TRR80 - Neutron Reflectometry on Magnetic Layers

Description

We will study complex twisted magnetic structures in double exchange-biased heterostructures, where a ferromagnetic layer is sandwiched between two antiferromagnets, exhibiting different Néel temperatures. Rather complex non-collinear magnetic structure can be realized by field cooling and analyzed in detail during different stages of thin film growth and on the fully grown sample by depth-resolved in-situ polarized neutron reflectometry technique and magneto-transport measurements. This system will be extended to thin film systems with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction supporting magnetic skyrmions, where pinning of skyrmions due to strong exchange bias coupling might appear.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 107745057.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2017

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Conversion of FRM II to a low-enrichment uranium fuel element

Description

More information “here”: https://foerderportal.bund.de/foekat/jsp/SucheAction.do?actionMode=view&fkz=FRM1318

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number FRM1318.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2018

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
TRR80 - Determination of Electronic Structure Using Positrons (2)

Description

Spin-polarized 2D-ACAR (Angular Correlation of Annihilation Radiation) is a powerful technique for the measurement of the spin-resolved Fermi surface. We will focus on the electronic structure of elemental crystals, e.g. Pd, Gd and Cr, and of intermetallic compounds such as Heusler alloys in order to obtain an understanding of the electron correlations. The theoretical calculation of the electron momentum density in correlated systems will be developed further by solving a lattice Hubbard-model with short range Coulomb interactions to model electron-electron and electron-positron interactions.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 107745057.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2021

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
CoRe alloy - Investigation of TaC precipitation hardening in Co-Re-based alloys

Description

Co-Re-based alloys have been proposed in 2007 as candidate materials for high temperature applications. They were investigated for the first time in the DFG research group FOR 727 Beyond Ni-Base Superalloys with respect to the interrelation between chemical composition, microstructure and oxidation behavior / mechanical properties, respectively. Precipitation hardening by tantalum carbides (TaC) was identified as particularly attractive strengthening mechanism. Yet, the depth of investigation was limited, focusing on one alloy composition only (Co-17Re-23Cr-1.2Ta-2.6C) and relatively short heat treatment cycles. Therefore, many questions regarding stability, precipitation kinetics and transformation behavior of the tantalum carbides remained open. Besides conventional microstructural characterization tools, in-situ neutron scattering turned out to be particularly valuable as it allows to gain crystallographic and morphological information for representative material volumes during high temperature annealing. In view of this situation a joint research program involving TU Braunschweig and TU München is proposed to thoroughly investigate the precipitation mechanism of tantalum carbides in Co-Re-based alloys. 3D tomography by dual beam microscopy at TU Braunschweig will be used besides the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz neutron source at TU München as essential tool for microstructural characterization. Overall objective is to explore the interrelationship between alloy composition, thermal loading and precipitation behavior of the tantalum carbides as necessary condition to fully exploit the strengthening potential of tantalum carbides during high temperature application of Co-Re-based alloys.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 239959382.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.09.2013 - 31.05.2017

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
POLI and Flipping-Ratio-Method

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K13PA3.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2013 - 31.12.2016

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Doubly and orthogonally switchable block copolymers from zwitterionic and thermoresponsive blocks

Description

Doubly and orthogonally switchable block copolymers from zwitterionic and thermoresponsive blocks: synthesis and structures in solution and in thin film geometry

Aim of the project is the synthesis and investigation of doubly and orthogonally switchable block copolymers in volume and in thin film geometry. These consist of a zwitterionic and a thermoresponsive block. In dependence of the chemical nature of the two blocks and of the block lengths, the switching behavior upon changes of temperature and electrolyte concentration will be investigated, namely in aqueous solution and in thin film geometry. Both, the structures and the kinetics of their changes upon a jump over one of the phase boundaries will be characterized in solution and in thin film geometry using modern scattering methods and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 236534685.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.05.2013 - 30.06.2017

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
Neutron polarizer for PERC (2013)

Description

SPP 1491- Precision experiments in particle- and astrophysics with cold and ultracold neutrons
Subproject: Neutron polarizer for PERC

PERC and other projects investigating correlations in neutron beta decay are presently limited in accuracy at the 10-3 level by the knowledge of the average neutron beam polarisation. Preceding tests of single supermirror polariser samples could proof the feasibility in the determination of the absolute polarisation to a level of accuracy of several times 10-4. Based on the obtained results, new ferromagnetic supermirror structures will be developed within this project, which will require in much smaller magnetic holding fields than actually any comparable structure.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 237289336.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.04.2013 - 31.03.2018

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
EEBatt - Interdisciplinary energy storage research project
ExZellTUM - Excellence for battery cells at the Technical University of Munich

Description

The Research Neutron Source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II) is partner of the new center of excellence for battery cells at the Technical University of Munich. Scientists and companies work together with the aim of investigating and improving the production of lithium-ion cells as energy storage units for electric cars. Current high-performance energy storage units based on lithium-ion technology are not yet ready to go into production. The interdisciplinary network of ExZellTUM will therefore contribute to the further development and manufacture of lithium-ion batteries.

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 03×4633A (Excellence and technological implementation of battery research – ExcellentBattery)

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.08.2012 - 31.12.2015

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
TOPFIT - Topological Spin Solitons for Information Technology

Description

The objectives of this proposal are a systematic search for new forms of magnetic order composed of topologically protected (particle-like) spin solitons in bulk materials driven by chiral interactions. This will establish a new field of magnetic phenomena. We further propose the development of concepts how to exploit specifically the topological aspects of these spin solitons in information technology. The proposed research program comprises state-of-the art materials preparation, in-depth studies of the materials properties using bulk and microscopic probes and advanced theoretical modelling. While the proposed project represents a high-risk effort, it promises a fundamentally new approach to information technology.

For more information, please visit:
erc.europa.eu
cordis.europa.eu

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.03.2012 - 28.02.2017

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No FP7-IDEAS-ERC - 291079.

NMI3-II (FP7) - Neutron Scattering and Muon Spectroscopy Integrated Initiative

Description

Advanced solutions to the challenges that confront our technology-based society – from energy and environment to health – are crucially dependent on advanced knowledge of material properties down to the atomic scale. Neutron and Muon spectroscopy offer unique analytical tools for material investigation. They are thus an indispensible building block of the European Research Area and directly address the objectives of the Innovation Union Flagship Initiative. The knowledge creation via neutron and muon spectroscopy relies on the performance of a closely interdependent eco-system comprising large-scale facilities and academic and industrial users.

The Integrated Infrastructure Initiative for Neutron and Muon Spectroscopy (NMI3) aims at a pan-European integration of the main actors within this eco-system. The NMI3 coordination effort will render public investment more efficient by harmonizing and reinforcing the services provided to the user community. It will thus directly contribute to maintaining Europe’s world-leading position.

NMI3 is a comprehensive consortium of 18 partners from 11 different countries that includes all major providers of neutrons and muons in Europe. NMI3 exploits all tools available within I3s to realize its objectives.

- Transnational Open Access will build further capacity for European users. It will foster mobility and improve the overall creation of scientific knowledge by providing the best researchers with the opportunity to use the most adapted infrastructures.
- Joint Research activities will create synergies in innovative instrument development that will feed directly into improved and more efficient provision of services to the users.
- Networking activities will reinforce integration by harmonizing procedures, setting standards and disseminating knowledge. Particular attention is given to train young people via the European Neutron and Muon School as well as through an e-learning platform.

For more information, please visit:
nmi3.eu
cordis.europa.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.02.2012 - 31.01.2015

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES - 283883 .

High temperature in-situ neutron diffraction on CoRe alloys

Description

This project is funded by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) under the project number 54407179.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

01.01.2012 - 31.12.2013

Funding organisation

  • German Academic Exchange Service
Design Update Phase of the ESS I/ESS II

Description

The European Spallation Source (ESS) to be located in Lund, Sweden, aims to become the world’s leading facility for scientific research using long-pulse neutrons. It will be funded and operated by a partnership of 17 countries in Europe and will become available for the community in 2019.

The German contribution to the Design Update Phase of the European Spallation Source (ESS) is a joint collaboration of the Helmholtz Assocication Centres in Hamburg (DESY), Karlsruhe (KIT), Jülich (FZJ), Geesthacht (HZG), Berlin (HZB) and the FRM II in Munich. The consortium is organized and managed be Forschungszentrum Jülich.
In a joint collaboration, centres of the Helmholtz Association and the FRM II aim to lead the German contribution to the design update phase of the European Spallation Source (ESS) in Lund. The consortium is organized and managed by Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ).

The Design Update Phase addresses all key parameters of the ESS project such as the design and the performance of the accelerator and target, the intended instrumentation suite and the scientific challenges, as well as critical instrument components. The Design Update Phase concludes with the Technical Design Report (TDR) of the future European Spallation Source (ESS).

The German partners contribute to the areas accelerator components, target, instrument concepts and critical components. Whereas the large scale facilities in Hamburg (DESY), Karlsruhe (KIT) and FZJ deal with the core components of the source, the FRM II brings its broad experience in utilizing the neutron beam for science. In collaboration with the other German neutron centres (JCNS at Forschungszentrum Jülich, BENSC at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin and GEMS at Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht) new instrument designs and critical components was developed. Each workpackage is coordinated by one of the partners.

For more information, please visit:
europeanspallationsource.se
fz-juelich.de

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.11.2010 - 30.10.2013

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
POLI

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05K10PA2.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2010 - 31.12.2013

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
TRR80 - Determination of Electronic Structure Using Positrons (1)

Description

Spin-polarized 2D-ACAR (Angular Correlation of Annihilation Radiation) is a powerful technique for the measurement of the spin-resolved Fermi surface. We will focus on the electronic structure of elemental crystals, e.g. Pd, Gd and Cr, and of intermetallic compounds such as Heusler alloys in order to obtain an understanding of the electron correlations. The theoretical calculation of the electron momentum density in correlated systems will be developed further by solving a lattice Hubbard-model with short range Coulomb interactions to model electron-electron and electron-positron interactions.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 107745057.

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.01.2010 - 31.12.2013

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
NMI3 (FP7) - Integrated Infrastructure Initiative for Neutron and Muon Spectroscopy

Description

The Integrated Infrastructure Initiative for Neutron Scattering and Muon Spectroscopy (NMI3) aims at the pan-European coordination of neutron scattering and muon spectroscopy, maintaining these research infrastructures as an integral part of the European Research Area. NMI3 comprehensively includes all major facilities in the field, opening the way for a more concerted, and thus more efficient, use of the existing infrastructure. Co-ordination and networking within NMI3 will lead to a more strategic approach to future developments and thus reinforce European competitiveness in this area. NMI3 is a consortium of 22 partners from 13 countries, including 10 research infrastructures. The objective of integration will be achieved by using several tools: * Transnational ACCESS will be provided by 10 partners offering more than 4000 days of beam time. This will give European users access to all of the relevant European research infrastructures and hence the possibility to use the best adapted infrastructure for their research. * Joint Research Activities focusing on six specific R&D areas will develop techniques and methods for next generation instrumentation. They involve basically all those European facilities and academic institutions with major parts of the relevant know-how. * Dissemination and training actions will help to enhance and to structure future generations of users. * Networking and common management will help strategic decision-making from a truly European perspective.

For more information, please visit:
nmi3.eu
cordis.europa.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.02.2009 - 31.01.2013

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES - 226507 .

HEiDi: Diffraktometrie - Spindichteuntersuchungen am EKD HEiDi

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 05KN7PAA.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2007 - 30.06.2010

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
HEIDI (2004)

Description

More information here

This project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the project number 03HE6AA3.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

01.07.2004 - 30.06.2007

Funding organisation

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research
NMI3 (FP6) - Integrated Infrastructure Initiative for Neutron Scattering and Muon Spectroscopy

Description

The aim of the Integrated Infrastructure Initiative for Neutron Scattering and Muon Spectroscopy (NMI3) is to facilitate the pan-European coordination of neutron scattering and muon spectroscopy research activities, by integrating all the research infrastructures in these fields within the European Research Area.

NMI3 is a consortium of 18 partner organisations from 12 countries, including 8 facilities.

NMI3 includes all major facilities in the fields of neutron scattering and muon spectroscopy, opening the way for a more concerted, and thus more efficient, use of the existing infrastructure; the ultimate aim being a more strategic approach to future developments and increased European competitiveness in this area.

For further information, please visit:
nmi3.eu
hzg.de/science

Koordination

  • Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils (CCLRC)
    UK

Principal Investigator

  • Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils (CCLRC)
    UK
  • and others

Funding period

01.01.2004 - 30.06.2008

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No FP6-2002-Infrastructure-1, 3.2.1.

MaMaSELF - Master of Materials Science Exploring Large Scale Facilities

Description

MaMaSELF is a two year European Master program in Materials Science, a program of excellence build in the framework of the Erasmus Mundus program.
One specific aim of the Mamaself program is to teach the application of “Large Scale Facilities” for the characterisation and development of materials.

The Master Mamaself’s objective is to train in a very multidisciplinary and international approach high-level students who will manage perfectly the scientific and technological aspects of the elaboration, the implementation, the control and the follow-up of materials, capable of fitting into the industrial environment as well as continuing with a PhD.”

For more information, please visit:
mamaself.eu cordis.europa.eu

Koordination

Principal Investigator

Funding period

2007- 2019

Funding organisation

  • European Union

This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 599159-EPP-1-2018-1-FR-EPPKA1-JMD-MOB.

TRR80 - Electronic Structure and Phase Transitions

Description

In intermetallic compounds, the realized materials properties are governed by the actual atomic arrangements. We will study the effect of disorder by correlating mainly neutron diffraction experiments with measurements of macroscopic parameters and derive pertinent microscopic models. This will be done specifically in Ni2Mn-based Heusler systems, which display functional potentials including, e.g., large ferromagnetic shape-memory and magnetocaloric effects as well as ferromagnetic half-metallicity.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 107745057.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

2014-2021

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
EXC 153 - Origin and Structure of the Universe: EDM experiment

Description

EXC 153: Origin and Structure of the Universe – The Cluster of Excellence for Fundamental Physics

The cluster of excellence in which astrophysicists, particle physicists and nuclear physicists work together to address some of the deepest unsolved questions of modern science: the innermost structure of matter, space and time; the nature of the fundamental forces; and the form and content of the universe. The cluster is established in Munich/Garching, one of the largest and most dynamic centres in the world for research in fundamental physics and astrophysics. Cluster scientists participate in many of the large international collaborations that are deploying the new generation of global facilities for astro- and particle-physics (telescopes, accelerators and supercomputers) to unveil the hidden physical properties of the cosmos.

Work within the cluster use nuclear and designed particle physics experiments, astronomical observations, large-scale numerical simulation and theoretical modelling to investigate fundamental key questions connecting the smallest scales in physics with the largest scales in the cosmos. Studies of the properties of matter and of forces at extremely high energies and at extremely short distances provide insight into the origin and unification of the four fundamental forces of nature. These in turn regulate the early evolution of the universe. The excess of matter over antimatter in the universe is puzzling within the standard model of particle physics. The cluster therefore searches for signals of supersymmetry, which currently is the best motivated candidate for an extension of the standard model. The nature of dark matter that dominates the mass of the universe is studied both through direct detection experiments and through astronomical observations. The latter is also used to explore the nature of the dark energy, which drives the recently discovered acceleration of the cosmic expansion. On a more fundamental level, cluster scientists use a new theory of quantum gravity to explore possible connections of dark energy to the question of the origin of the masses of elementary particles and to the structure of space and time. The origin of massive black holes is studied as well as the origin of heavy elements from which the earth and all life were formed.

Ten new junior research groups are established and housed in a dedicated office building that is the heart of the cluster. This science centre also hosts the cluster administration and visiting scientists chosen from among our pool of strategic partners and other international collaborators.
The cluster provides a unique opportunity for outstanding young researchers to build a career in some of the most promising, exciting and interdisciplinary areas of current fundamental science.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 24799710.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

2013 - 2017

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
PERC (2015) - A clean, bright an versatile source of neutron decay products

Description

SPP 1491:Precision experiments in particle- and astrophysics with cold and ultracold neutrons.
Subproject PERC – a clean, bright an versatile source of neutron decay products

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 130699104.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

2015 - 2018

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
PERC (2010) - A clean, bright an versatile source of neutron decay products

Description

Within the Standard Model of particle physics, neutron decay can be described by only three parameters. On the other hand, neutron decay offers a multitude of observables and the problem is thus strongly over-determined. Precision measurements on neutron decay observables make it thus an ideal candidate in the search for physics beyond the standard model. To perform next generation high precision measurements, we propose, in a collaborate effort among five research groups, to build a new instrument called PERC. It will deliver not neutrons, but neutron decay products. It is intended to be a versatile instrument that can be used by different groups of scientists to make precision measurements on neutron decay observables to address various contemporary particle physics questions. The main component of the new instrument PERC is a 10m long superconducting magnet system. With this proposal we request funding for this magnet and essential infrastructure.

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 167645298.

Principal Investigator

Funding period

2010-2017

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation
EDM - Polarized ultra-cold neutrons in the next generation measurement of the neutron EDM

Description

SPP 1491- Precision experiments in particle- and astrophysics with cold and ultracold neutrons

More information here

This project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG) under the project number 237295021.

Principal Investigator

Partner

Funding period

2013-2017

Funding organisation

  • German Science Foundation

Kontakt:

Dr. Diana Fleischer
Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ)
Phone: +49 (0)89 289-14965
E-Mail: diana.fleischer@frm2.tum.de

MLZ is a cooperation between:

Technische Universität München> Technische Universität MünchenHelmholtz-Zentrum Hereon> Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon
Forschungszentrum Jülich> Forschungszentrum Jülich

MLZ is a member of:

LENS> LENSERF-AISBL> ERF-AISBL

MLZ on social media: