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Technische Universität München> Technische Universität MünchenHelmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht> Helmholtz-Zentrum GeesthachtForschungszentrum Jülich> Forschungszentrum Jülich

MLZ (eng)

85748 Garching


Thermal neutron single crystal diffractometer


The diffractometer RESI is designed for high q-resolution, low background and best flux usage allowing optimum measurements of weak diffraction phenomena in a large portion of the reciprocal space on single crystalline samples.

Typical Applications

Structure analysis with thermal neutrons (λ = 0.8 Å to 2 Å) is complementary to structure analysis with X-rays. The measurement possibilities provided by this instrument are crucial for many scientific questions:

  • Structure analysis, bonding theory, electron densities: Due to the interaction with atomic cores and the diffraction angle independence of the atomic form factor, it is possible to measure Bragg scattering up to high diffraction angles.
  • Real crystals and compounds of interest for material science are often not perfectly ordered. The elucidation of these real structures requires the analysis of the corresponding diffuse scattering. The diffuse scattering – off the Bragg reflections – is normally differentially weak and distributed continually (anisotropic) in the reciprocal space.
  • Partially crystalline compounds, like fibre structures, show a specific scattering, which is highly anisotropic and continously distributed in the reciprocal space. Therefore, diffractometers with area detectors like RESI are best suited for this kind of problems.
  • A new class of aperiodic crystals (“quasi crystals”) show dense, but discrete reflex patterns, where more than 90% of the reflexes are very weak. Additionally, due to the fact that quasi crystals often contain two or more transition metals (which are almost isoelectronic), neutrons offer much higher contrast than X-ray methods.
  • Structural phase transitions can be accompanied by continuous reflection shifting.
  • Modulated structures show satellite reflections at “incommensurable” positions. Both areas require analysis of large portions of the reciprocal space.
  • Twinned crystals and multi-domain/multi-phase crystals are often difficult to measure on single-counter instruments. The area detector at RESI allows for easy detection and in many cases separation of reflections in such systems.

The advantages of the high-resolution area detector can be utilised best, if the reciprocal space is not too empty. That means, that RESI is optimal for cells of ca. 1000 Å3 to ca. 20000 Å3. Typical crystal sizes range from 5 mm3 to 25 mm3.

Sample Environment

Dedicated sample environment of RESI:

  • Oxford Cryosystems Cryostream 700
    • temperature range 100 K – 400 K
    • consumption ~ 20 l L-N2/d
  • Oxford Instruments Helijet
    • temperature range 15 K – 100 K
    • consumption ~ 2 l L-He / h
    • sample size 1×1×1 mm³ max

Standard sample environment usable with RESI

  • Closed-cycle cryostat CC, 2.5 K – 300 K
  • Closed-cycle cryostat CCR, 3 K – 100 K
    • using 3He insert, 500 mK – 4 K
    • using 3He/4He dilution, 50 mK – 1 K
  • Vacuum furnace, 340 K – 2100 K
  • Mirror furnace, RT – 1250 K
Technical Data

Primary beam

  • Beam tube SR-8b
  • Neutron guide
    • Length: 12 m, focussing vertical / horizontal
    • Section: 70 × 40 mm → 60 × 30 mm
  • Coatings: m = 3 top/bottom; m = 1 side


Vertically focussing lamella type, fixed take-off 90°

  • Cu-422, 20’ mosaic, 1 Å: 2 · 106 n cm-2 s-1
  • Ge-511, 25’ mosaic (deformed wafer stack), 1,5 Å:  6 · 106 n cm-2 s-1

Secondary neutron guide

Vertically focussing ellipitical guide-in-guide:

  • length: 1 m
  • focus 400 mm after guide exit
  • coating: m = 5

Available goniometers

  • Kappa-Goniometer:
    • Bruker-Nonius Mach3
    • carrying capacity: max 100 g
  • Eulerian cradle Huber 420:
    • higher carrying capacity, e.g. for closed-cycle cryostat
  • Huber 2-circle goniometer with tilting head:
    • highest carrying capacity, e.g. for CCR with 3He insert

Available detectors

  • MAR345 image plate detector
    • 345 mm diameter, N-sensitive image plate
  • Single counter 3He with optional analyzer:
    • for pure elastic scattering

Instrument Scientists

Dr. Bjørn Pedersen
Phone: +49 (0)89 289-14707

Phone: +49 (0)89 289-14827

Operated by

Logo LMU


Find the latest publications regarding RESI in our publication database iMPULSE:

Citation of the instrument

Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum. (2015). RESI: Thermal neutron single crystal diffractometer. Journal of large-scale research facilities, 1, A4.

For citation please always include the DOI.



Instrument RESI with focusing guide (left), Eulerian cradle (middle, front), area detector (middle, back) and single counter (right). © W. Schürmann, TUM

MLZ is a cooperation between:

Technische Universität München> Technische Universität MünchenHelmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht> Helmholtz-Zentrum GeesthachtForschungszentrum Jülich> Forschungszentrum Jülich